What better to do than, share your English knowledge with other people
The term communication is derived from the verb communicate, which means to give or exchange information, news, ideas, or opinions orally or in writing (Hornby, 1995, p.229). In other words, communication is when two or more people send each other information or news. In addition, people learn what they want to know from one another through communication.
Communication is a fundamental human activity, and language is the foundation of all human communication. Language, as a communication device, is an effective means of expressing ideas and feelings in both spoken and written form. Thus, language provides a means for people to communicate and socialize in society. Therefore, people who live in society should have a good ability in communication.
Communication has its distinct features. According to Richards and Schmidt (1983, p.3-4), the following communication characteristics are:
Based on the characteristics listed above, communication can be defined as exchanging and negotiating information between at least two people using verbal and nonverbal symbols, oral or written or visual modes, and production and comprehension processes.
From the definition above, language can be classified into two types based on its form. They are both spoken and written. They play different roles in social and educational settings. People use spoken language to interact with others to clarify ideas, thoughts, and arguments. On the other hand, written language allows people to consolidate their thoughts and then stand back to reflect on what they think about a subject.
Language can be used for a variety of purposes. It depends on the dimension of the language used. There are three dimensions of language (Di Pietro, 1994, p.6):
From those elaborations, it is known that there are three dimensions of language, first focused on grammatical, second, language covers the speaker’s intention, and the last dimension is that language reveals identity.