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As the name suggests, the simple present tense is the most basic or simple tense in English used to describe present activities.
Please, look at the illustration above!
I wake up in the morning every day.
It is my habit to wake up in the morning. I do it every day. Past, now / present and future.
From the illustration above, it is known that the simple present tense (also called the simple present) is used to express habits, facts, and timetables. It is also used to make simple statements of fact, talk about things that happen repeatedly, and describe something always true.
In more detail, we can say that:
|Do / does + not||Subject||Do / does + not||Base form||Rest of sentence|
|–||I / You / We / They||–||work||at 11 am.|
|–||He / she / it||–||works||at 11 am.|
|–||I / You / We / They||do not||work||at 11 am.|
|–||He / she / it||does not||work||at 11am.|
|Do||I / You / We / They||–||work||at 11 am?|
|Does||He / she / it||–||work||at 11 am?|
From the above table, we notice three kinds of sentences in the simple present tense: positive, negative, and question.
For a positive sentence: If the subject in the sentence is singular, then the formula to make the sentence is S + Verb 1 (s/es).
If the subject is plural, the Simple Present Tense formula is S (plural subject) + Verb 1.
For negative sentence, Subject followed by do/does, then not, and verb 1.
The use of do/does depends on the subject of the sentence. If the subject is singular (singular subject), then use does. However, use do if the subject is plural (plural subject).
For yes/no question sentence, do/does are placed at the beginning of the sentence, followed by a subject and verb 1. Also, add a question mark (?).
When the present simple is used with “he,” “she,” “it,” or one person’s name, it always ends in “-s” or “-es.”
√ He starts work at 11 am.
× He start work at 11 am.
There is no need to add the auxiliary verb “do” when forming the present simple. It is only used to create questions and negatives.
√ I eat lunch at noon every day.
× I do eat lunch at noon every day.
The main verb in a negative sentence stays in its base form, even if the subject is “he,” she,” or “it.
√ He does not work at 11 am.
× He does not works at 11 am.
Never add “-s” or “-es” to the base form of the verb when asking a question, even in the third. Person singular (he, she, or it).
√ Does she work at 11 am?
× Does she works at 11 am?