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Assessment is a broad term that includes testing
Rowntree (1977), assessment in education can be thought of as occurring whenever one person, in some kind of interaction, direct or indirect, with another, is conscious of obtaining and interpreting information about the knowledge and understanding of abilities and attitudes of that other person. To some extent or another, it is an attempt to know the person.
Erwin, in Brown and Knight, (1994), assessment is a systematic basis for making inference about the learning and development of students… the process of defining, selecting, designing, collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and using the information to increase students’ learning and development.
Brown (2003, p.4), it is an ongoing process that encompasses a much broader domain. To do an assessment, a teacher should consider many aspects in determining the final scores of the students. In addition to the mid-semester and final semester scores, the teacher should also pay attention to the students` participation, motivation, presentation, performance, paper, portfolio, presence, homework, etc.
It can be concluded that, assessment is a process of gathering information to monitor progress and make educational decisions if necessary. An assessment may include a test, but also includes methods such as observations, interviews, and behavior monitoring.
No, it is not. Assessment is a more encompassing term than testing. It is the process of gathering, interpreting, and sometimes recording and using information about students' responses to an educational task to provide the next learning step.
Yes, it does. Testing is a particular kind of assessment that focuses on eliciting a specific sample of performance.