Differences between Testing, Assessment, and Evaluation

Differences between Testing, Assessment, and Evaluation


Cronbach et al. (1970), evaluation means the systematic examination of events occurring and consequent on a contemporary program. An examination is conducted to assist in improving this program and other programs with the same general purpose.

Tuckman (1975), evaluation is a process wherein the parts, processes, or outcomes of a program are examined to see whether they are satisfactory, particularly regarding the stated objectives of the program, our expectations, or our standards of excellence.

Evaluation is a process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting information about teaching and learning to make informed decisions that enhance student achievement and educational programs (Rea-Dickens & Germanie, 1993; Genesee & Upshur, 1996; O’MallyO’Mally).

Thorpe (1993), evaluation is the collection analysis and interpretation of information about training as part of a recognized process of judging its effectiveness, its efficiency, and any other outcomes it may have. 

Evaluation is a process that includes five essential components:

  • Articulating the purpose of the educational system.
  • Identifying and collecting relevant information.
  • Having ideas that are valuable and useful to learners in their lives and professions.
  • Analyzing and interpreting information for learners.
  • Classroom management or classroom decision making.

Differences between Testing, Assessment, and Evaluation

  • The test is used to measure students` abilities or competencies.
  • The assessment provides feedback on the student’s performance specifying his/ her strengths and areas for improvement, which offers insights for taking appropriate steps to improve the learning.
  • Evaluation, based on the collected evidence, determines the standards met and the levels of success or failure in meeting these standards.

References & Recommended Reading

  • Cronbach, L. J. (1970). Essentials of Psychological Testing (2nd Edition). New York: Harper.
  • Genesee, F., & J. Upshur. (1996). Classroom-Based Evaluation in Second Language Education. Cambridge University Press
  • O’MalleyO’Malley, J. M., & L. Valdez- Pierce. (1996). Authentic Assessment for English Language Learners: Practical Approaches for Teachers. Reading. MA: Addison- Wesley.
  • Rea-Dickins. P. & K. Geimanie (1993). Evaluation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Thorpe, M. (1993). Evaluating Open and Distance Learning. Harlow: Longman.
  • Tuckman, B.W. (1975).Measuring Educational Outcomes Fundamental of Testing. Atlanta: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc.
Tenry Colle
Tenry Colle

Hi! My name is A. Tenry Lawangen Aspat Colle. I am a motivated and resourceful English educator. In addition, as the owner of @rymari.translation17 has shaped me to be a punctual and dependable translator of Indonesian to English and vice versa.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *