Cronbach et al. (1970), evaluation means the systematic examination of events occurring and consequent on a contemporary program. An examination is conducted to assist in improving this program and other programs with the same general purpose.
Tuckman (1975), evaluation is a process wherein the parts, processes, or outcomes of a program are examined to see whether they are satisfactory, particularly regarding the stated objectives of the program, our expectations, or our standards of excellence.
Evaluation is a process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting information about teaching and learning to make informed decisions that enhance student achievement and educational programs (Rea-Dickens & Germanie, 1993; Genesee & Upshur, 1996; O’MallyO’Mally).
Thorpe (1993), evaluation is the collection analysis and interpretation of information about training as part of a recognized process of judging its effectiveness, its efficiency, and any other outcomes it may have.
Evaluation is a process that includes five essential components:
Articulating the purpose of the educational system.
Identifying and collecting relevant information.
Having ideas that are valuable and useful to learners in their lives and professions.
Analyzing and interpreting information for learners.
Classroom management or classroom decision making.
Differences between Testing, Assessment, and Evaluation
The test is used to measure students` abilities or competencies.
The assessment provides feedback on the student’s performance specifying his/ her strengths and areas for improvement, which offers insights for taking appropriate steps to improve the learning.
Evaluation, based on the collected evidence, determines the standards met and the levels of success or failure in meeting these standards.
References & Recommended Reading
Cronbach, L. J. (1970). Essentials of Psychological Testing (2nd Edition). New York: Harper.
Genesee, F., & J. Upshur. (1996). Classroom-Based Evaluation in Second Language Education. Cambridge University Press
O’MalleyO’Malley, J. M., & L. Valdez- Pierce. (1996). Authentic Assessment for English Language Learners: Practical Approaches for Teachers. Reading. MA: Addison- Wesley.
Rea-Dickins. P. & K. Geimanie (1993). Evaluation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thorpe, M. (1993). Evaluating Open and Distance Learning. Harlow: Longman.
Tuckman, B.W. (1975).Measuring Educational Outcomes Fundamental of Testing. Atlanta: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc.
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